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Dr. Bilal Makkawi

Associate Professor, Accounting

Office: GSBM 566
Phone: 443-885-4459



Ph.D.   Florida International University - Accounting,  1998

M.A.   University of Florida - Accounting (Statistics minor),  1986

M.B.A.   University of Florida - Finance,  1981

B.B.A.   American University of Beirut - Business Administration (Psychology minor),  1978


  • Makkawi, B. Omar, A., Thiruvadi, S., and Carter, K.(2022) “The Association Between Audit Committee Financial Expert Characteristics and Audit Fees”. American Journal of Management, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p 85-95, 11p. 
  • Makkawi, B., Kelly, m., Amoah, N., (2022) “sales Go rogue”. Journal of business cases and Applications Volume 36 pp. 1-8 
  • Makkawi, B., Amoah,N., Asante, A., lamptey,E., (2022) “The influence of Compensation Committee financial Expertise On CEO Pay.” Journal of Business and Behavioral Sciences Spring , pages 4-19   
  • Makkawi Bilal: 2019, The controversy of deferred tax assets and liabilities classifications and some remedies. Journal of Finance and Accountancy. Forthcoming
  • Makkawi Bilal: 2019, Auditing the related party Transaction of a Client firm: An Applied case. Journal of Business Cases and Applications. Forthcoming
  • Makkawi Bilal: 2018, Accounting Irregularity, Improper Revenue Recognition and Auditor Litigation. Academy of Accounting and Financial Studies Journal Vol-22-issue-3.pp1-11
  • Makkawi Bilal: 2017 The Impact of Financial Ratio Analysis on Performance Measurement: A Teaching Case. Review of Business Research. Vol 17 no 4 pp. 39-48
  • Makkawi Bilal: 2017, Intolerance of uncertainty and investment decisions. Canadian International Journal of science and technology 161-171.
  • Makkawi Bilal: 2014, Class Selection preferences of African - American Millennial Business School students: a study of Student Characteristics Global Perspectives on Accounting Education Volume 10,103-120
  • Makkawi, Bilal and Nana Amoah: 2013, Determinants of Investor Reaction to Announcement of SEC 10b-5 Lawsuit Journal of Accounting Ethics & Public Policy Vol II, pp. 201-220
  • Makkawi, Bilal: 2012 Relationship between Foreign Direct Investment and Country Population. International Journal of Business and Management Vol 7 (8) pp 63-70.
  • Makkawi, Bilal: 2011. Softnet System: Fraud or Expertise. The International Journal of Business and Management Research. Vol 3No 1 pp 79-100
  • Makkawi, Bilal, and Mohamed Abdolmohammadi, 2004.Determinants of the Timing of Interim and Majority of Audit Work, International Journal of Auditing Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 139- 151
  • Makkawi, Bilal, and Allen Schick 2003. "Are Auditors Sensitive Enough to Fraud?" Managerial Auditing Journal, vol. 6, pp.591-598.
  • Makkawi, Bilal, 2003The Effect of Cognitive Style and Audit Structure on Performance, Accounting Research Journal Research Journal Vol. 16 pp 21-32
  • Makkawi Bilal, and Robert Rutledge 2002The Effects of Individual Differences and Industry Stability on Auditors' Perceived Risk Assessments, Journal of Applied Business Research, vol. 18, no. 3, p. 53-64.
  • Makkawi, Bilal, and Robert Rutledge, 2000 Evaluating Audit Risk: The Effects of Tolerance for-Ambiguity, Industry Characteristics, and Experience, Advances in Accounting Behavioral Research, vol. 3, p. 69-89.