Admission to graduate study is open to properly qualified men and women of any race, color, religion, national and ethnic origin. Certain minimum requirements are specified below. Additional requirements may be prescribed by the individual departments and may be found in the respective program listed in the Academic Programs section of this catalog. Final decisions on graduate admissions are made by the Dean of the School of Graduate Studies. In general, a student may begin his graduate work in the fall, spring, or summer. For admission to graduate study an applicant must: Have earned a bachelor's degree from a regionally accredited college or university. The undergraduate record must be of such quality as to promise successful achievement at the graduate level. Only students with an undergraduate cumulative grade-point average of 3.0 will be considered for admission. Students with an undergraduate cumulative GPA of between 2.5 and 2.99 may be considered for conditional admission. Post-bachelor's undergraduate credits will not be used to enhance G.P.A. requirements for admission to graduate study.
Have completed, in a satisfactory manner, certain minimum course work in designated areas; the specific courses and amount of work depending upon the field of work which the student proposes to enter.
Submit an application for admission together with an official copy of transcripts from all institutions attended, including graduate and undergraduate colleges and universities.
Provide test scores (for those programs requiring them) on the Graduate Management Admissions Test (GMAT), the aptitude portion of the Graduate Record Examination (GRE), or the Miller Analogies Test (MAT). Test scores may not be more than 5 years old prior to date of application.
Have three letters of recommendation sent to the Dean of the School of Graduate Studies from officials or faculty members of institutions previously attended who are acquainted with the applicant's ability for graduate study or from employment supervisors where applicable.
Submit a one-page personal statement of academic and professional plans and the reasons for selecting Morgan State University.
Admission to the School of Graduate Studies does not constitute admission to degree candidacy.
Approval of degree candidacy by the Graduate Dean certifies that the student's academic performance has been reviewed and that permission to pursue the program of study to completion has been granted.
Admission to candidacy is granted when students have completed at least 12 semester hours and are in good standing.
To be admitted to candidacy the student must have attained a cumulative point average of at least "B" and must have met any conditions affecting admission to the School of Graduate Studies or the degree program.
Upon written request, students not in good standing at the completion of twelve semester credit hours may be permitted to enroll for an additional six semester credit hours. Upon completion of a total of eighteen semester credit hours students must have achieved a minimum overall grade average of 3.0 in their program of study and overall for all work taken at the graduate level. In addition, all other conditions affecting admission to the School of Graduate Studies and/or the degree program must be satisfied. Failure to meet these requirements will result in academic dismissal. A student in a degree program may not accumulate more than eighteen (18) graduate credit hours without having been admitted to candidacy.
Students in a degree program who are dismissed for academic reasons will not be granted "non-degree status."
Requirements for Doctor's Degree
Students should consult appropriate sections of this publication and the "Policy and Procedures" manual available to doctoral students in the departments of History, Teacher Education and Administration, and the School of Engineering.
Graduate Work by Morgan Seniors
With the approval of the chairpersons of departments concerned, and the Dean of the School of Graduate Studies, seniors at Morgan State University who have completed 96 credit hours toward the baccalaureate degree and have a grade point average of 3.0 overall and in their major may register for a maximum of six (6) credit hours of course work in the School of Graduate Studies. The credit will be applied toward a graduate degree at Morgan only after they have received their undergraduate degree and only after they have been formally admitted to the School of Graduate Studies. The graduate work will not be credited toward an undergraduate degree. Interested students should consult this catalog for admission procedures, degree programs, courses, registration dates, and tuition charges.
Applying to Graduate School
The applicant is solely responsible for presenting full credentials by the deadline date for the session of expected entrance; the School of Graduate Studies will return all incomplete applications. The application for admission to graduate study cannot be processed until all credentials are on file. Three letters of recommendation and a personal statement are also required.
Applications from seniors in their last semester of undergraduate study will be evaluated on the basis of their course work through the first semester of their senior year. The applicant's credentials must be completed during the first month of the first semester of residence. Admission may be canceled if the credentials remain incomplete or do not meet the standards of the School of Graduate Studies or the degree program. Incomplete applications will be returned to sender.
Students submitting falsified information when applying for admission will be denied admission and those already admitted may have their admission canceled; they will be removed from the School of Graduate Studies, and may be subject to additional actions.
(Subject to Change) Tuition: please see Tuition and Fees for current charges. Matriculation- $10.00 (new students only) Registration- $15.00 Late Registration- $50.00 Private Music Lessons- tuition for one credit hour plus $50.00 studio fee Thesis Guidance Fee- $270.00 plus $15.00 Registration Fee Dissertation/ Thesis Fee (for binding three copies)-$60.00 Auditing- tuition for one credit hour plus fees Graduation Fee- $75.00 All checks and money orders should be payable to Morgan State University for the exact amount of the charges. All fees and tuition are due and payable at registration.
School of Graduate Studies Awards
Application forms for financial aid may be obtained from the Office of the School of Graduate Studies and must be returned by February 1 for the following Fall Semester. A limited number of awards may be available for the Spring Semester; application forms must be returned by October 1 for the following Spring semester. No awards are made for summer sessions. Awards for the Fall Semester are usually announced in June. The deadline for applications for financial aid is April 1 for the following academic year.
Doctoral students are restricted to four years (8 semesters) for Fellowship or Assistantship support.
An undergraduate grade point average of 3.0 on a 4 point scale is the minimum average considered for awards from applicants without previous graduate study; matriculated graduate students and applicants with prior graduate study should present a 3.25 or higher grade point average for all graduate course work. Doctoral students must present a minimum 3.0, 3.3 or 3.5 cumulative grade-point average as required by their respective departments. Students who are on academic probation are ineligible to receive assistantships, fellowships, tuition awards, and other financial aid from the School of Graduate Studies
Degree Status/Registration & Enrollment
Students who meet all requirements for unconditional admission to the School of Graduate Studies (i.e., 3.0 in the undergraduate major and overall) may select non-degree status. Failure to maintain a minimum average grade of 3.0 will result in academic dismissal. Non-degree status is primarily for those students who have indicated that they do not intend to pursue a graduate degree. Students with non-degree status may pursue a maximum of 6 credit hours. Students in a degree program who are dismissed for academic reasons will not be granted "non-degree status."
Students with a master's degree from a regionally accredited institution may select the non-degree post master's status. Failure to maintain a G.P.A. of 3.0 will result in dismissal.
GRADUATE WORK BY MORGAN SENIORS
With the approval of the chairpersons of departments concerned, and the Dean of the School Graduate Studies, seniors at Morgan State University who have completed 96 credit hours toward the baccalaureate degree and have a grade point average of 3.0 overall and in their major may register for a maximum of six (6) credit hours of course work in the School of Graduate Studies. The credit will be applied toward a graduate degree at Morgan only after they have received their undergraduate degree and only after they have been formally admitted to the School of Graduate Studies. The graduate work will not be credited toward an undergraduate degree. Interested students should consult this catalog for admission procedures, degree programs, courses, registration dates, and tuition charges.
REGISTRATION AND ENROLLMENT
The School of Graduate Studies conducts graduate registration. Only persons who have been admitted for graduate study may enroll. With the exception of those with non-degree status, students must enroll in courses prescribed for the degree program in which they have been admitted. A schedule of course offerings is available before the beginning of each session and may be obtained upon request or may be found on Morgan's website.
Foreign students may not register until they have submitted all required credentials including the Confirmation of Financial Resources form to the School of Graduate Studies and an I-20 form has been issued by Morgan State University.
Registration is not complete until all required fees and tuition have been paid. Students are not permitted to attend classes unless they are officially registered. The class roster, distributed from the Office of Records and Registration to all course instructors following registration, determines whether or not a student is officially registered. Only those students whose names are shown on the roster are officially registered and will be eligible for a grade. Students should check with the course instructor to see if their names are listed on the class roster; if not, they should inquire at the office of the School of Graduate Studies. Course instructors are not permitted to add names of students to the class roster.
GENERAL DEGREE REQUIREMENTS
Students may pursue only one degree program at a time. All requirements for the first degree must be satisfied before one may be admitted to a second degree program. ( See:" A Second Master's Degree.") Students completing forty-five credit hours or more must satisfy all requirements within seven years; those with less than forty-five credit hours to complete must satisfy all requirements within five years.
To be awarded a graduate degree, a student must attain a cumulative average of at least "B" (3.0 on a 4.0 scale) in the program of study and a 3.0 cumulative overall average for all work taken on the graduate level. However, "C" grades may not count for more than 20 percent of total credit hours applied toward satisfying degree requirements. "D" grades are not awarded and "F" grades do not receive any graduate credit and do not count toward satisfying degree requirements, but do count in determining G.P.A. Required courses with a grade of "F" must be repeated.
Candidates required to write a thesis/dissertation must be registered at the time the degree requirements are satisfied, including thesis/dissertation. Registration may be satisfied either by being enrolled for program course work or by being registered for Thesis/Dissertation Guidance. Failure to register will postpone satisfying degree requirements until the student meets all registration requirements stated above. (See: "Thesis/Dissertation Guidance.") Students required to write a thesis/dissertation must enroll initially in __.799, Thesis Seminar, or __.998, Dissertation Seminar. This course enrollment is one time only. Students who do not complete their thesis or dissertation after having enrolled in __.799 or __.998 and who continue their thesis or dissertation writing during subsequent semesters must enroll in __.797, Thesis Guidance or __.997, Dissertation Guidance. The course must be repeated each semester until the thesis or dissertation is completed.
Approval of degree candidacy by the Dean of the School of Graduate Studies certifies that the student's academic performance has been reviewed and that permission to pursuethe program of study to completion has been granted. Admission to candidacy is granted when students have completed at least 12 semester hours and are in good standing. To be admitted to candidacy, the student must have attained a cumulative grade point average of at least "B" and must have met any conditions affecting admission to the School of Graduate Studies or the degree program. Pursuant to a written request, students not in good standing at the completion of twelve semester credit hours may be permitted to enroll for an additional six semester credit hours. Upon completion of a total of eighteen semester credit hours, students must have achieved a minimum overall grade average of 3.0 in their program of study and overall for all work taken at the graduate level. In addition, all other conditions affecting admission to the School of Graduate Studies and/or the degree program must be satisfied. Failure to meet these requirements will result in academic dismissal. A student in a degree program may not accumulate more than eighteen (18) graduate credit hours without having been admitted to candidacy.
REQUIREMENTS FOR DOCTOR'S DEGREE
Students should consult appropriate sections of this catalog and the "Policies and Procedures" manual available to doctoral students in the departments of History, Teacher Education and Administration, and the School of Engineering, Public Health, Bio-Environmental Sciences and Business.
All graduate students are subject to the academic regulations of both the School of Graduate Studies and the school or department in which they are enrolled. Students may expect to obtain a degree in accordance with the requirements set forth under regulations in force at the time they enter the University, or under subsequent regulations published while they are enrolled. However, students are restricted in their choice as to the requirements of one specific graduate catalog.
The minimum grade point average to be maintained in all master's degree programs and the doctoral degree program in Engineering is 3.0. A student will be placed on academic probation at the end of any semester if and when his/her cumulative grade point average falls below 3.0. Students will be notified of their probationary status by written communication. Doctoral students admitted to candidacy in Mathematics Education, Science Education, and Urban Educational Leadership must maintain an overall grade point average of 3.3. Students enrolled in the doctoral program in History must maintain a minimum cumulative grade point average of 3.5. Students must be dismissed at any time they accumulate two (2) consecutive semesters with a cumulative grade point average less than that required for good academic standing in their respective program of study.
APPLICATION FOR GRADUATION
In order to be placed on the eligibility list for graduation, the candidate must file a formal Application for Graduation with the Dean of the School of Graduate Studies by May 31 for December completion and November 1 for May completion in the academic year in which the degree is to be awarded.
Students admitted to a degree program are assigned a department advisor. Students are expected to consult with their advisors for program planning, scheduling, etc., throughout their residency as graduate students.
CHANGES IN PROGRAMS OR STATUS
Students wishing to transfer from one degree program to another must petition the Dean of the School of Graduate Studies. Students not in good standing may not changeprograms until they have been restored to good standing.
A request for transfer of credit for courses taken prior to enrollment in the School of Graduate Studies will not be considered until the student has satisfactorily completed at least 12 semester hours in his/her degree program at MSU.
No more than six (6) semester hours of graduate credit taken at other accredited institutions may be applied toward the master's degree. Transfer credit is not counted in the cumulative average or overall average of the program of study.
Once admitted to graduate work a student must obtain formal permission from the Dean of the School of Graduate Studies before enrolling at another institution for a course that is to be offered in fulfillment of degree requirements at Morgan. Such permission is granted only in exceptional instances and only after the student has been admitted to candidacy and is in good standing and written approval of the Dean of the School in which his/her program is located.
Transfer work must be equal in scope and content to that offered by this University and must represent a coherent part of the required program of study. Only courses in which grades "A" or "B" have been earned may be offered for transfer credit; grades for transfer credits are not counted in the G.P.A.
Course work to be transferred must have been taken within the time period allowed for the completion of degree requirements. Credits for correspondence courses, workshops, and extension classes are not acceptable for transfer.
Students enrolled in graduate programs at other universities and wishing to take course work in the School of Graduate Studies at Morgan State University must present a letter of authorization from the graduate dean of the other university.
Students admitted to the School of Graduate Studies may audit courses provided permission is obtained from the Dean of the School of Graduate Studies and the course instructor. The auditing fee must be paid at registration.
Students enrolled for 9 or more graduate credit hours are considered full-time; anything less is part-time. The maximum course load for full-time students in the regular session is 15 credit hours. The maximum course load for all graduate students during the Summer Session is 6 credit hours.
The School of Graduate Studies conducts two summer sessions. A schedule of graduate courses for each session is available in the Office of the School of Graduate Studies.
Symbols used in grading are: "A", Excellent; "B", Above Average; "C", Average; "W" Withdrawal from class; "AW", Administrative Withdrawal. Note: "D" grades are not used. An incomplete grade "(I)" is given only in exceptional cases and is not encouraged. Only those students whose work in a course has been satisfactory and have a documented emergency beyond their control and are unable to complete course requirements will be permitted to petition the instructor for an incomplete grade (I).
Forms for petitioning are available in the Office of the School of Graduate Studies. An "I' grade must be removed by the end of the next semester of enrollment or within one calendar year, whichever comes first, or the grade automatically becomes an "F".
Required graduate courses with a grade of "F" must be repeated. All other graduate course work may not be repeated.
FORMER STUDENTS RETURNING
Former students returning to the University who have not enrolled in the School of Graduate Studies for three consecutive semesters and have not corresponded with the School of Graduate Studies during that period may be required by the Dean of the School of Graduate Studies to repeat the admissions process.
All rules, procedures and academic standards in effect at the time of new admission will apply and will be strictly enforced. In every case, the five or seven year rule will apply to all previously earned credits for completed course work. (See General Degree Requirements.) This policy does not apply to students granted special leave by the Dean of the School of Graduate Studies.
Students wishing to withdraw from any course must appear in person at the Office of the School of Graduate Studies to file the necessary forms and obtain authorization for any refund.
Drop/ Add forms must have the course instructor's signature. Stopping payment on checks for registration fees does not constitute an official withdrawal nor does it relieve the student of his/her financial obligation to the University. Further, not attending classes is not an official withdrawal. If an official withdrawal is not made, the course grade will become an "F".
Students must notify the Dean of School of Graduate Studies of any intent to withdraw from the University.
The Dean of the School of Graduate Studies reserves the right to cancel courses for insufficient enrollments; to limit enrollments in any class; and to assign students to added or split sections meeting at the same time and day.
Students, including senior citizens, eligible to use the State College Tuition-Waiver Plan, may register only when regularly scheduled course space is available.
INTENT TO GRADUATE
Students must file an Application for Graduation at the beginning of the Fall semester of the academic year in which the degree is to be awarded. If they do not graduate, a new form must be completed for the year in which the degree is to be awarded. All applications for graduation must be approved and signed by the students' department chairpersons. Application for graduation is not official until the graduate fee has been paid.
A SECOND MASTER'S DEGREE
An application for admission to a degree program from a person who already holds a graduate or professional degree will be considered on its individual merits. Credit hours counted toward one master's degree may not be used to satisfy requirements for a second master's degree. When course duplications occur, substitute courses will be approved in consultation with the faculty advisor and program coordinator. A maximum of two (2) master's degrees may be earned.
Candidates may be able to apply to take the comprehensive examination when they:
*have completed at least 70 percent of program course work,
*are in good standing, and
*have departmental approval.
Candidates must be enrolled at the time the comprehensive examination is to be taken. Comprehensive examinations are designed, administered and scored by a department faculty committee with results reported to the Dean of the School of Graduate Studies. In addition, departments are required to report results by mail to each student concerned.
Students should consult the graduate calendar for examination dates and their department for additional information. Comprehensive examinations may be repeated only once.
Students may register for the thesis seminar when they:
have completed any required methodology courses in their program,
are in good academic standing, and
have their department's approval.
Students who write a thesis must submit copies of the typed manuscript to the Dean of the School of Graduate Studies. The thesis must be signed by the thesis advisor and meet all other requirements prior to its submission. One copy must be an original and the other two copies must be photo duplications. After they are bound, the two copies are deposited in Soper Library, indexed in the main card catalog under title and author entries, and one copy returned to the student.
The last date to submit the thesis to the School of Graduate Studies by those students completing degree requirements in the Spring semester is March 15.
Thesis/Dissertation Guidance provides a means for students who have completed all program course work, except submission of the Thesis/Dissertation to continue work under faculty guidance. Students are required to register for Thesis/Dissertation Guidance each semester of the academic year (Fall and Spring semesters) until the thesis/dissertation is approved and submitted to the Dean of the School of Graduate Studies. Students failing to maintain continuous registration will be required to pay the costs of all previous semesters for which registration was required. Degree requirements may not be satisfied until this is done.
See grade descriptions for the following courses as shown:
__.797 Thesis Guidance (2 Credits). This course number applies to all master's level programs regardless of discipline code. The grade for this course automatically becomes "S" and no other grade is permitted. (The "S" allows the computer to print out the course.)
__.799 Thesis Seminar (3 Credits). The grade for this course automatically becomes "CS" as long as the thesis is still in progress. However, when the thesis is completed, a letter grade is awarded.
__.997 Dissertation Guidance (3 Credits). The grade automatically becomes "S". No other grade is permitted. (The "S" allows the computer to print out the course.)
__.998 Dissertation Seminar (6 Credits). The grade for thiscourse automatically becomes "CS" while the dissertation is still in progress. When the dissertation is accepted or completed, a letter grade is awarded.
Students should consult the appropriate sections of this and other publications in their department or school for specific information. The last date to submit dissertations to the School of Graduate Studies by those students completing degree requirements in the spring semester is March 15.
Graduate students submitting theses and/or dissertations to the School of Graduate Studies will be charged a fee for binding and/or microfilming. The payment of this fee must be verified by a receipt from the cashier's office accompanying the thesis/dissertation when presented. When the thesis/dissertations are returned from the bindery, students will be properly notified.
A student to be awarded a degree at the annual spring commencement is required to attend the commencement exercises unless permission is obtained from the Dean of the School of Graduate Studies to receive the degree in absentia.
Click above link.
Click above link.
Tuition & Fees
Tuition & Fees Information
SCHEDULE OF GRADUATE TUITION & FEES
Tuition and fee charges are determined on an annual basis and vary between Maryland resident and nonresident students. The cost of attending for one academic year, exclusive of books, travel, clothing and other personal items, is as follows:
Graduate (per Credit Hour)
$ 348.00 (Maryland Resident)
$ 678.00 (Non-Resident)
$ 73.00 (Maryland Resident)
$ 73.00 (Non-Resident)
Tuition and Fees:
$ 421.00 (Maryland Resident)
$ 751.00 (Non-Resident)
*All tuition and fees are reviewed at least annually and are subject to revisions. Subsequent year costs can be obtained in the course schedule booklet or by contacting the University Bursar's Office.
TUITION & FEES FOR SUMMER SCHOOL
Tuition and fees for summer school classes are the same as the rates published for regular part-time tuition and fees as stated above. A studio fee for certain courses may be assessed according to the nature of the laboratory.
OTHER FEES OR ASSESSMENTS
Late Registration Fee
A late registration fee of $50.00 will be charged (beginning the first day of walk-in registration) to returning students who were registered during the previous semester and who failed to select classes and make satisfactory financial arrangements on or before the prescribed deadline.
Students are encouraged to make financial arrangements by the prescribed deadline to avoid this charge.
Deadline payment dates are published in the course schedule booklet and are provided at the time of class selection.
· Graduation Fee
Students planning to graduate must pay a $75.00 graduation fee to defray a portion of the cost of graduation exercises and diploma materials. To graduate, both academic and financial requirements must be fulfilled. Fulfillment of financial requirements includes payment of all financial obligations, including a graduation fee.
· Transcript Fee
There is a charge of $10.00 per in-person transcript pick-up. The University will mail transcripts without a fee. To obtain a transcript, registered students' accounts must be current and former students' accounts must be clear.
· Student Professional Liability Insurance Fee
All students who are required to work in medical or related facilities for classes or internships will be assessed a fee for insurance coverage. The student will be required to pay this fee before placement in the facility. (This fee is not related to the Health Insurance Fee.) Please contact your instructor for further information.
FINES & PENALTIES LOSS OR DESTRUCTION OF UNIVERSITY PROPERTY
Should students lose or damage University property, they will be charged an amount sufficient to cover repairs or replacement. Any expenses incurred in an emergency by the University for students will become a charge to the student.
UNIVERSITY ONE CARD - "BEAR NECESSITY" CARD
All students are required to have a "Bear Necessity" Card which will be issued at registration. In addition to serving as the official University identification card, it also serves as an authorization card for meals, library services and health services; a privilege card for athletic, academic and special events and provides access to residence halls, University facilities and labs.
When moneys are deposited into the card account, it functions as a debit card for University purchases (bookstore, convenience store, vending machines). There is no charge for issuing the initial card; however, there is a replacement fee of $25.00 for lost or stolen cards
Parking citations vary depending upon the violation. A late fee of $20.00 will be assessed, if the fine is not paid within 30 calendar days
A service of $25.00 is charged for a bad check. Personal checks may not be accepted after the University receives one bad check from a student
OVERDUE LIBRARY MATERIAL
Overdue library material fines are 25 cents per day with a maximum fine of $10.00. Overdue reserved material fines are 25 cents per hour with a maximum fine of $20.00. Charges for lost or mutilated library material include the replacement cost of the item and a processing fee of $20.00.
Students are to pay library fines at the University Cashier's Office, then present their receipt at the Circulation Desk for clearance. Thirty (30) days after billing, a $10.00 non refundable service charge will be added to the bill
After selecting classes, students must print the bill using WEBSIS (Morgan State University's web site). Registration is not considered complete, nor is the student considered enrolled, until payment in full or other satisfactory financial arrangements are made. Please refer to the semester's course booklet for due date. (Reminder: If selection of classes is performed during the late registration period, payment is due upon selection.)
In addition, after registration, the University will send periodic statements to the student's billing address to reflect their updated account balance. Students may not complete registration in the next semester unless payment in full or other satisfactory financial arrangements is made.
Any outstanding balance (amount not covered by verified loans, grants and scholarships) is due prior to registration being finalized and an official schedule issued. Failure to make satisfactory financial arrangements for the balance due by the prescribed date may necessitate a cancellation of the class schedule.
The balance due can be paid by one of the following preferred means: cash (in person only), certified check, cashier's check, money orders, VISA, MASTER CARD, DISCOVER CARD and AMERICAN EXPRESS.
Personal checks are acceptable, but if returned for non-sufficient funds (NSF), the check amount will be charged back to the student's account with a $25.00 added penalty.
A student's personal check may not be accepted after the University receives one "insufficient funds" check from that student. Money intended for the personal use of a student should not be included in any payment drawn in favor of Morgan State University. Payments by mail should be sent addressed to:
Morgan State University
P.O. Box 2341
Baltimore, Maryland 21203-2341
All checks and money orders should indicate the student's name, address and account number. In-person payments are made at the Cashier's window of the Bursar's Office of Montebello A-124 between 8:30 a.m. and 4:45 p.m., Monday through Friday.
The deferred payment plan is an arrangement available through the Bursar's Office. Generally, a minimum of 80% of all charges (tuition, fees, room and board) is due to finalize registration. Only 20% may be deferred and divided into two equal installments to be paid on dates established at the beginning of the semester.
A service charge of $25.00 is assessed each time a deferment is granted. A late fee of $20.00 is charged for each late payment.
A delinquent University account or Federal loan will result in one or a combination of the following:
No transcript, official recommendations or other transactions, including graduation, will be processed or forwarded for any student who fails to meet his/her commitments or who owes the University for any other reason(s).
The University will place at the Central Collection Unit of the State of Maryland (CCU) all delinquent student accounts.
A collection fee of 17% or greater, will be assessed on all accounts placed with the CCU.